New puppies require additional care to give them the best start in life. Their immune systems are not fully developed, making them more susceptible to parasites and disease. By following the AMC Wellness Guideline, you can help prevent many common illnesses. Once your pet has completed all puppy vaccines they will receive continued care to keep current on all vaccines required for your pet.
New Puppy guideline:
- 6-8 weeks: Exam, DHPP #1, Bordetella #1, Fecal test, De-worming
- 9-10 weeks: Exam, DHPP 1 year booster, Bordetella #2, Fecal test, De-worming
- 12-14 weeks: Exam, DHLPP 3 year #1, Bordetella booster, Fecal test, De-worming
- 14-16 weeks: Exam, DHLPP 3 year booster, Rabies 1 year, Fecal test, De-worming
- We recommend your puppy's first heartworm test at 9-10 months of age.
We will outline an individualized vaccination schedule and protocol for your new puppy. We will determine through discussion and physical exam what vaccines your new family member needs.
Types of Vaccines
Rabies is a viral disease that is transmitted from the bite of an infected animal. Any warm-blooded animal is capable of becoming rabid. Signs of rabies include changes in behavior (i.e. aggressive behaviors or blunted mental status), seizures, coma, or any other neurological signs. This vaccine is extremely important due the severity of this disease; it is 100% fatal and there is no cure. Additionally, it is a public health concern, as people can get this deadly disease. A current Rabies vaccination of your pet is also required by law. Frequency of the rabies vaccine is mandated by state and county law.
This vaccination protects against a combination of diseases that infect dogs. The viral and bacterial diseases from which we seek to protect dogs with this vaccine include the following:
Canine Distemper Virus (D)
This is a viral disease that can cause respiratory complications, gastrointestinal problems, conjunctivitis, central nervous system disorder, and even death. The virus can be transmitted from dog to dog through direct contact with fresh urine, blood or saliva. Sneezing, coughing and sharing food and water bowls are all possible ways for the virus to be transmitted.
Infectious Canine Hepatitis (H)
This viral disease can cause fever, loss of appetite, abdominal pain, diarrhea, coughing, and lethargy. It is a viral infection that targets the liver and kidneys. The virus is spread in the feces, urine, blood, saliva, and nasal discharge of infected dogs and is picked up through the oral mucosa and nasal cavity.
This is a bacteria that is found in many types of outdoor environments. This bacteria can infect the kidneys and liver. Symptoms can be kidney or liver failure, severe lethargy, fever, decreased or no appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, and increased drinking/urination. This disease has a high mortality rate. Transmission may be through water, food, or soil that contains urine from infected animals. Leptospirosis is contagious to people.
Parainfluenza Virus (P)
This virus may cause coughing, low-grade fever, nasal discharge, lack of energy, and loss of appetite. This virus is transmitted through the air, and spreads rapidly in kennels or shelters where a large numbers of dogs are kept together. Your pet may also be exposed to this virus at grooming facilities, dog parks, and even on walks in your neighborhood.
This viral disease may causes severe bloody diarrhea, vomiting, dehydration, loss of appetite, immune suppression, and blood infection. Puppies and dogs can die from parvovirus infection. It is shed in the feces of infected animals and can persist in the environment for months to years.
Bordetella (Kennel Cough)
This is a bacterial disease that is part of the kennel cough disease complex. Animals with the disease will often present with a cough. The vaccine is recommended for dogs and puppies that are boarded in kennels, groomed in professional grooming facilities, participating in puppy or obedience classes, frequenting pet stores, or attending dog shows. This vaccine requires a bi-yearly vaccination booster. If a puppy receives a bordetella vaccine before turning 16 weeks of age, the vaccine will need to be boostered 3-4 weeks later and then once every six months.
During your puppy's routine physical examinations, our veterinarians will listen to his/her heart and breath sounds, feel the abdomen, check the coat/skin condition, ears, eyes, and mouth.
We will check your puppy for external parasites, such as fleas, ringworm, and ear mites. We will also perform an analysis of your puppy's feces to check for internal parasites, such as roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, coccidia, and giardia. Please bring a stool sample to all scheduled puppy appointments. These intestinal parasites have zoonotic potential. Zoonosis means humans are susceptible to disease resulting in skin infection and sometimes blindness in children.
De-worming is done with every round of puppy vaccinations as a single fecal exam may not pick up all eggs/parasites in feces. The CDC recommends yearly deworming of all pets due to zoonotic potential (disease that is transferable to humans). This is not required but recommended by the doctors at AMC. We do however, recommend fecal tests at least annually.
We offer a permanent form of identification with a Home Again Microchip System. The chip is the size of a grain of rice and is inserted underneath the skin. The i.d number and owner information is then registered with the Home Again Registry. If a pet is lost and recovered, the number can be read by any shelter or veterinarian who has a microchip scanner and the owner can be traced.
Recommended at 4-6 months of age for all puppies.